Diabetes: symptoms and treatments
Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterised by a raised blood glucose level. There are many ways to prevent, control and treat it.
What Is the Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by a deficiency in the production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency leads to increased concentrations of glucose in the blood, which can damage many parts of our body’s systems (especially the blood vessels and nerves). Over time It can also cause other problems, like heart disease and blindness. If you or someone around you has diabetes and you would like to have a consultation, you can always contact us for an English doctor in Barcelona.
There are two main types of diabetes and both are caused by the failure of producing or using insulin, a hormone that makes sure that cells can use glucose (known as blood sugar).
- Type 1 diabetes (known as insulin-dependent): the pancreas is failing in the production of the insulin which is essential for our body. This type of diabetes can be seen most frequently in children and adolescents, but it can appear later in life as well.
- Type 2 diabetes (known as non-insulin dependent): when the body is not able to respond to the action of insulin produced by our pancreas. According to the World Health Organization, the type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1, 90% of all diabetes cases around the world are from this type. It can be found more frequently in adults but is being noted in adolescents as well. The type 2 diabetes is also frequent in obese or overweight people.
If too much sugar is present in your blood, you might experience blurry vision, intense thirst, the need to urinate quite often, you can feel tingling in your hands or feet, you can feel tired. Let’s see what are the symptoms of diabetes.
Symptoms and treatments
Discover all diabetes symptoms and how to avoid it.
The classic symptoms are:
• increased thirst and urination
• increased hunger
• blurred vision
• numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
• sores that do not heal
• unexplained weight loss
The Type 1 diabetes can be managed by taking insulin before eating. The Type 2 diabetes is usually frequent in overweight or obese people. Although type 2 diabetes can be inherited, it can also come with excess weight, a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet.
You can prevent the type 2 diabetes with some simple but fundamental steps:
- Loss of weight,
- Regular exercise,
- Healthy diet: you should go for the whole grains products, avoid sugary drinks and drink water, coffee or tea instead. Make sure you limit red meat in your meals and you eat poultry or fish instead, make sure you choose the good fats.
Diabetes can lead to blindness and visual disabilities. It can damage the small blood vessels in the retina and it can cause you a loss of vision. This can be prevented with regular eye examinations that can detect in time this complication of diabetes.
Diabetes can also lead to kidney failure. You can control and intervene in the early stage of kidney damage by keeping the situation always under control.
Heart diseases are also connected with diabetes. In fact, risk factors for heart disease in people with diabetes include smoking, high blood pressure, high serum cholesterol and obesity.
Diabetes is a serious disease that it is increasing and it is becoming more common around the world. There are ways to prevent and control diabetes symptoms. If you are affected by this disease and you would like to speak to an English doctor in Barcelona, you can always contact us. We care about your health.